With everyone having a different smile, there are different types of problems associated with misalignments. Different factors that affect teeth alignment are the alignment of the jaws, how the teeth grow, and childhood behaviors. After visiting an orthodontist, one can get the chance to understand the types of bites problems affecting patients of all age groups. A bad bite, also called a ‘malocclusion’ happens when the teeth of an individual meet improperly or they don’t meet at all. This article enlists common bite problems that require orthodontic treatment.
Crossbites are of two types- posterior crossbite and anterior crossbite. A person suffering from posterior crossbite will have his upper teeth fit behind the lower teeth. On the other hand, an anterior crossbite is when the lower teeth of an individual fit behind his upper teeth. Crossbites can occur with both the baby and permanent teeth affecting a single tooth or multiple teeth.
One of the most common types of bite issues is underbite, especially among children. It occurs when the lower jaw of a person is set in front of the upper jaw, making the lower row of teeth protrude. An individual suffering from underbite is at risk of some serious dental problems like rapid tooth wear, stress on the joints of the jaw, and damage to the enamel.
An overbite is opposite to the underbite where the upper jaw sets in front of the lower jaw, making the upper row of teeth protrude. Overbites are one of the most common bite problems that are seen in all age groups. Additionally, this bite issue is oftentimes related to having a narrow or small upper palate. An individual having an overbite can have dental problems such as weak gums, difficulty in eating, rapid tooth decay, and more.
A misalignment is when the teeth or jaws of an individual don’t line up correctly. It does not have to be severe like underbite or overbite, however, misaligned teeth or jaw can cause excessive wear on the dental enamel and joints of the jaws.
Crowding is another bite issue where teeth do not have enough space to grow properly. This causes jammed teeth making them overlap, rotate, or even trapped behind the central row of the teeth. The two most common causes for crowding are having large teeth or a small mouth.
- Deep bite
A deep bite is when the front teeth of a person cover the bottom teeth almost completely. In some circumstances, orthodontics can consider a deep bite an overbite, but not all overbites can be considered deep bites. A serious deep bite can further cause serious issues for the gums and mouth.
There are many types of bite issues that can affect both children and adults. If a person is experiencing one of these bite problems, it is recommended to visit a professional orthodontist. If any of these dental issues exist in a person’s mouth, they are unlikely to be corrected automatically. Oftentimes, these specialists suggest braces as one of the simplest dental treatments that correct the alignment of the teeth and jaws.
Since bite problems often affect children, it is important to get them into the dentist before the problem grows. If your child is anxious about going to the dentist and you are looking for help, the resource below can be of use.
Provided by Cosmedent – dental continuing education